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|Title: ||Mg/Ca Ratios in Crustose Coralline Algae as Proxies for Reconstructing Labrador Current Variability|
|Authors: ||Gamboa, Gimy|
|Advisor: ||Halfar, Jochen|
Sea Surface Temperature
|Issue Date: ||26-Jul-2010|
|Abstract: ||Climate variability in the North Atlantic has been linked in part to the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). The NAO influences marine ecosystems in the northwestern Atlantic and the transport
variability of the cold Labrador Current (LC). Understanding historic patterns and predicting future changes in LC transport require long-term and high-resolution climate records that are not available from instrumental data sets.
This thesis presents the first century-scale sea surface temperature (SST)reconstructions from the Northwestern Atlantic using Mg/Ca ratios in the long-lived crustose coralline algae Clathromorphum compactum. which is characterized by a high Mg-calcite skeleton exhibiting annual growth increments.
Results indicate strong correlations between interannual variations in Mg/Ca ratios and
instrumental SST. The 131-year algal Mg/Ca record reveals NAO-type periodicities and
evidence of past cold events and warming periods associated with basin-wide ecosystem shifts.
Negative correlations between LC volume transport and algal Mg/Ca reflect the cooling
influence of the LC on eastern Canadian shelf ecosystems.|
|Appears in Collections:||Master|
Department of Geology - Master theses
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