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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24569

Title: Mg/Ca Ratios in Crustose Coralline Algae as Proxies for Reconstructing Labrador Current Variability
Authors: Gamboa, Gimy
Advisor: Halfar, Jochen
Department: Geology
Keywords: Paleoclimate
Coralline Algae
Labrador Current
Sea Surface Temperature
Mg/Ca ratios
Climate Change
Northwestern Atlantic
Issue Date: 26-Jul-2010
Abstract: Climate variability in the North Atlantic has been linked in part to the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). The NAO influences marine ecosystems in the northwestern Atlantic and the transport variability of the cold Labrador Current (LC). Understanding historic patterns and predicting future changes in LC transport require long-term and high-resolution climate records that are not available from instrumental data sets. This thesis presents the first century-scale sea surface temperature (SST)reconstructions from the Northwestern Atlantic using Mg/Ca ratios in the long-lived crustose coralline algae Clathromorphum compactum. which is characterized by a high Mg-calcite skeleton exhibiting annual growth increments. Results indicate strong correlations between interannual variations in Mg/Ca ratios and instrumental SST. The 131-year algal Mg/Ca record reveals NAO-type periodicities and evidence of past cold events and warming periods associated with basin-wide ecosystem shifts. Negative correlations between LC volume transport and algal Mg/Ca reflect the cooling influence of the LC on eastern Canadian shelf ecosystems.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24569
Appears in Collections:Master
Department of Geology - Master theses

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