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|Title: ||Radiated Electric and Magnetic Fields Caused by Lightning Return Strokes to the Toronto CN Tower|
|Authors: ||Boev, Ivan Krasimirov|
|Advisor: ||Janischewskyj, Wasyl|
Iravani, Mohammad Reza
|Department: ||Electrical and Computer Engineering|
|Keywords: ||Return Stroke|
Variable Return Stroke Speed
|Issue Date: ||5-Aug-2010|
|Abstract: ||In the present PhD work, three sophisticated models based on the "Engineering" modeling approach have been utilized to conveniently describe and thoroughly analyze details of Lightning events at the CN Tower. Both the CN Tower and the Lightning Channel are represented by a number of connected in series Transmission Line sections in order to account for the variations in the shape of the tower and for plasma processes that take place within the Lightning Channel. A sum of two Heidler functions is used to describe the "uncontaminated" Return Stroke current, which is injected at the attachment point between the CN Tower and the Lightning Channel. Reflections and refractions at all points of mismatched impedances are considered until their contribution becomes less than 1% of the originally injected current wave.
In the proposed models, the problem with the current discontinuity at the Lightning Channel front, commonly taken care of by introducing a "turn-on" term when computing radiation fields, is uniquely treated by introducing reflected and transmitted components.
For the first time, variable speed of propagation of the Return Stroke current front has been considered and its influence upon the predicted current distributions along the whole Lightning Channel path and upon the radiated distant fields analyzed.
Furthermore, as another novelty, computation of the electromagnetic field is accomplished in Cartesian Coordinates. This fact permits to relax the requirement on the verticality of the Lightning Channel, normally imposed in Cylindrical Coordinates. Therefore, it becomes possible to study without difficulty the influence of a slanted Lightning Channel upon the surrounding electromagnetic field.
Since the proposed sophisticated Five-Section Model has the capability to represent very closely the structure of the CN Tower and to emulate faithfully the shape of, as well as physical processes within the Lightning Channel, it is believed to have the potential of truthfully reproducing observed fields.
The developed modeling approach can be easily adapted to study the anticipated radiated fields at tall structures even before construction.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering - Doctoral theses
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