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|Title: ||Mechanism of Helicobacter pylori Induced Gastric Cancer: Role of the Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription Pathway|
|Authors: ||Bronte-Tinkew, Dana Melanie|
|Advisor: ||Jones, Nicola L.|
|Keywords: ||gastric cancer|
|Issue Date: ||5-Aug-2010|
|Abstract: ||Infection with the gut-pathogen Helicobacter pylori is the single, most important risk factor in the development of gastric cancer. Although there is a rising incidence in mortality resulting from this malignancy, the exact mechanism underlying the initiation and progression of bacterial-induced gastric tumorigenesis is still not completely understood. Several studies implicate the activation of the Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway as a cellular trigger for promoting carcinogenes. In this thesis, I studied the role of the STAT3 signaling pathway in H. pylori mediated tumorigenesis, and attempted to delineate mechanisms involved. I have found that H. pylori activates the STAT3 signaling pathway both in vitro and in vivo, to promote carcinogenesis. Pivotal for H. pylori mediated STAT3 activation are the bacterial effector protein CagA and host receptor components, the gp130 and the IL-6αR subunits.
Further investigation into the mechanism of STAT3 induction identified a key role for cholesterol-enriched membrane lipid rafts. Bacterial invasion and CagA injection into host cells was also dependent on lipid raft integrity. Co-fractionation via the use of sucrose gradients, which permits the isolation of lipid rafts, identified H. pylori CagA to be associated with these membrane microdomains. CagA, once injected into the cell, appears to interact with the inner leaflet of the host plasma membrane via a charge association that either directly or indirectly anchors it to the negatively charged anionic lipids in the cytoplasmic membrane. In addition, janus kinases were recruited to rafts upon H. pylori infection. In this thesis, I present a dynamic model of STAT3 activation, which requires the interaction of lipid raft associated proteins, H. pylori CagA and recruited JAKs with non-lipid raft receptor components to support STAT3 signaling.
This study is significant since it provides insight into the possible mechanisms by which H. pylori induces gastric cancer and furthermore, it facilitates the development of novel therapeutic targets directed against bacterial induced carcinogenesis.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
Department of Physiology - Doctoral theses
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