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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24736

Title: Multiparty Communication Complexity
Authors: David, Matei
Advisor: Pitassi, Toniann
Department: Computer Science
Keywords: communication complexity
number on forehead
class separation
stack machines
lower bound
Issue Date: 6-Aug-2010
Abstract: Communication complexity is an area of complexity theory that studies an abstract model of computation called a communication protocol. In a $k$-player communication protocol, an input to a known function is partitioned into $k$ pieces of $n$ bits each, and each piece is assigned to one of the players in the protocol. The goal of the players is to evaluate the function on the distributed input by using as little communication as possible. In a Number-On-Forehead (NOF) protocol, the input piece assigned to each player is metaphorically placed on that player's forehead, so that each player sees everyone else's input but its own. In a Number-In-Hand (NIH) protocol, the piece assigned to each player is seen only by that player. Overall, the study of communication protocols has been used to obtain lower bounds and impossibility results for a wide variety of other models of computation. Two of the main contributions presented in this thesis are negative results on the NOF model of communication, identifying limitations of NOF protocols. Together, these results consitute stepping stones towards a better fundamental understanding of this model. As the first contribution, we show that randomized NOF protocols are exponentially more powerful than deterministic NOF protocols, as long as $k \le n^c$ for some constant $c$. As the second contribution, we show that nondeterministic NOF protocols are exponentially more powerful than randomized NOF protocols, as long as $k \le \delta \cdot \log n$ for some constant $\delta < 1$. For the third major contribution, we turn to the NIH model and we present a positive result. Informally, we show that a NIH communication protocol for a function $f$ can simulate a Stack Machine (a Turing Machine augmented with a stack) for a related function $F$, consisting of several instances of $f$ bundled together. Using this simulation and known communication complexity lower bounds, we obtain the first known (space vs. number of passes) trade-off lower bounds for Stack Machines.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24736
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Computer Science - Doctoral theses

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