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|Title: ||The Molecular Characterization of Head and Neck Cancer in Young Patients|
|Authors: ||Machado, Jerry|
|Advisor: ||Kamel-Reid, Suzanne|
|Department: ||Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology|
|Keywords: ||Head and Neck Cancer|
|Issue Date: ||31-Aug-2010|
|Abstract: ||Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) most commonly develop in older patients (≥60 years of age) with a history of tobacco and alcohol use. However, young individuals (≤45 years of age) can also develop HNSCC, often without common risk factors. Increasing evidence shows that Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection is
associated with particular HNSCC sites (e.g. oropharynx). We assessed the Roche Linear Array HPV Genotyping Test in several lesions and then examined the prevalence of HPV in HNSCCs from young and older patients. HPV infection was most prevalent in oropharyngeal cancers (16/22, 73%), rarely found in oral cavity cancers (2/53, 4%), and other head and neck sites (1/17, 6%). HPV positive tumors were associated with patients that were >40 and <60 years old (p=0.02).
The absence or shortened time of carcinogen exposure from common risk factors and the development of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) at an early age suggest
aberrant genetic events that are different than those in OSSCs from older patients. We used Affymetrix SNP 6.0 arrays to genomically profile oral tumors from young and older patients. Tumors from young patients showed different regions/genes of copy number alterations than those from older patient tumors. An increase of regions of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in tumors from older patients was observed, and there was a high prevalence of copy number neutral LOH on chromosome 9 in tumors from young and older patients. These data suggest different genetic mechanisms in these patient groups.
We have previously shown that HNSCCs from younger patients exhibited a high incidence of microsatellite instability (MSI), a marker of defective mismatch repair
(MMR). Deregulated mRNA levels of hPMS1, hPMS2 and hMLH1 were observed and absent/low expression of hPMS1, hPMS2 and hMLH1 protein levels were observed in
>50% of OSCCs. No mutations were observed in hPMS1 and hPMS2 and no significant differences of MSI or LOH were observed across genomic loci between tumors of young and older patients. The role of these genetic mechanisms in oral cancer appears complex; studies such as ours should further improve our knowledge of the molecular mechanisms leading to early-onset oral carcinomas.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology - Doctoral theses
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