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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24904

Title: Analysis of the Nucleioprotein Complexes Essential for P1 Plasmid Partition
Authors: Vecchiarelli, Anthony
Advisor: Funnell, Barbara E.
Department: Molecular and Medical Genetics
Keywords: Bacterial Chromosome Dynamics
Plasmid Partition
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2010
Abstract: For all organisms, segregation and proper intracellular localization of DNA are essential processes in ensuring faithful inheritance of genetic material. In prokaryotes, several different mechanisms have developed for efficiently moving chromosomal DNA to proper cellular locations prior to cell division, and the same holds true for bacterial plasmids. Low-copy-number plasmids and bacterial chromosomes encode active partition systems to ensure their inheritance within a bacterial cell population. One of the well-studied models of partition is that of the P1 plasmid in E. coli. The partition system encoded by the P1 plasmid is known as parABS - ParA is the partition ATPase, ParB is the partition site binding protein and parS is the partition site. The goal of this thesis was to investigate the nucleoprotein complexes essential in the P1 plasmid partition reaction. First, I examined how a single ParB dimer can bind its complicated arrangement of recognition motifs in parS to initiate the partition reaction. I then characterized a novel ParA interaction with the host nucleoid that is critical for proper P1 plasmid dynamics in vivo. Finally, I demonstrate how ParA can act as an adaptor between the nucleoid and the partition complex; effectively allowing the plasmid to use the nucleoid as a track for its intracellular movement and localization. My thesis work provides evidence towards a model that explains the P1 plasmid partition mechanism.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24904
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Molecular Genetics - Doctoral theses

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