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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24914

Title: A Mixed Biosensing Film Composed of Oligonucleotides and Poly (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) Brushes to Enhance Selectivity for Detection of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms
Authors: Wong, April Ka Yee
Advisor: Krull, Ulrich Jorg
Department: Chemistry
Keywords: DNA
biosensor
single nucleotide polymorphisms
mixed film
surface characterization
poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)
Issue Date: 2-Sep-2010
Abstract: This work has explored the capability of a mixed film composed of oligonucleotides and oligomers to improve the selectivity for the detection of fully complementary oligonucleotide targets in comparison to partially complementary targets which have one and three base-pair mismatched sites. The intention was to introduce a “matrix isolation” effect on oligonucleotide probe molecules by surrounding the probes with oligomers, thereby reducing oligonucleotide-to-oligonucleotide and/or oligonucleotide-to-surface interactions. This resulted in a more homogeneous environment for probes, thereby minimizing the dispersity of energetics associated with formation of double-stranded hybrids. The mixed film was constructed by immobilizing pre-synthesized oligonucleotides onto a mixed aminosilane layer and then growing the oligomer portion by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of 2-hydroxy methacrylate (PHEMA). The performance of the mixed film was compared to films composed of only oligonucleotides in a series of hybridization and melt curve experiments. Surface characterization techniques were used to confirm the growth of the oligomer portion as well as the presence of both oligonucleotides and oligomer components. Polyatomic bismuth cluster ions as sources for time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry experiments could detect both components of the mixed film at a high sensitivity even though the oligomer portion was at least 200-fold in excess. At the various ionic strengths investigated, the mixed films were found to increase the selectivity for fully complementary targets over mismatched targets by increasing the sharpness of melt curves and melting temperature differences (delta Tm) by 2- to 3-fold, and by reducing non-specific adsorption. This resulted in improved resolution between the melt curves of fully and partially complementary targets. A fluorescence lifetime investigation of the Cy3 emission demonstrated that Cy3-labeled oligonucleotide probes experienced a more rigid microenvironment in the mixed films. These experiments demonstrated that a mixed film composed of oligonucleotides and PHEMA can be prepared on silica-based substrates, and that they can improve the selectivity for SNP discrimination compared to conventional oligonucleotide films.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24914
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Chemistry - Doctoral theses

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