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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24915

Title: Time-varying Phononic Crystals
Authors: Wright, Derek
Advisor: Cobbold, Richard
Johnston, Wayne
Department: Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords: acoustics
phononic crystals
time-varying
wave propagation
periodic materials
ultrasound
Issue Date: 2-Sep-2010
Abstract: The primary objective of this thesis was to gain a deeper understanding of acoustic wave propagation in phononic crystals, particularly those that include materials whose properties can be varied periodically in time. This research was accomplished in three ways. First, a 2D phononic crystal was designed, created, and characterized. Its properties closely matched those determined through simulation. The crystal demonstrated band gaps, dispersion, and negative refraction. It served as a means of elucidating the practicalities of phononic crystal design and construction and as a physical verification of their more interesting properties. Next, the transmission matrix method for analyzing 1D phononic crystals was extended to include the effects of time-varying material parameters. The method was then used to provide a closed-form solution for the case of periodically time-varying material parameters. Some intriguing results from the use of the extended method include dramatically altered transmission properties and parametric amplification. New insights can be gained from the governing equations and have helped to identify the conditions that lead to parametric amplification in these structures. Finally, 2D multiple scattering theory was modified to analyze scatterers with time-varying material parameters. It is shown to be highly compatible with existing multiple scattering theories. It allows the total scattered field from a 2D time-varying phononic crystal to be determined. It was shown that time-varying material parameters significantly affect the phononic crystal transmission spectrum, and this was used to switch an incident monochromatic wave. Parametric amplification can occur under certain circumstances, and this effect was investigated using the closed-form solutions provided by the new 1D method. The complexity of the extended methods grows logarithmically as opposed linearly with existing methods, resulting in superior computational complexity for large numbers of scatterers. Also, since both extended methods provide analytic solutions, they may give further insights into the factors that govern the behaviour of time-varying phononic crystals. These extended methods may now be used to design an active phononic crystal that could demonstrate new or enhanced properties.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24915
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering - Doctoral theses

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