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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24917

Title: Novel Metallic States at Low Temperatures in Strongly Correlated Systems
Authors: Wu, Wenlong
Advisor: Julian, Stephen R.
Department: Physics
Keywords: Quantum Criticality
Non-Fermi Liquid
Issue Date: 2-Sep-2010
Abstract: This thesis describes experiments carried out on two novel strongly correlated electron systems. The first, FeCrAs, is a new material that has not been studied before, while the second, Sr3Ru2O7, has been previously shown to have a very novel so-called ‘nematic’ phase around the metamagnetic quantum critical end point (QCEP). For these studies, a new variation on an established method for measuring the field dependence of susceptibility in a BeCu clamp cell has been developed, and is described, as is a relaxation heat capacity cell that works from 4 K down to 300 mK. A method of growing stoichiometric crystals of the hexagonal iron-pnictide FeCrAs has been developed, and transport and thermodynamic measurements carried out. The in-plane resistivity shows an unusual “non-metallic” dependence on temperature T, rising continuously with decreasing T from ∼800 K to below 100 mK. The c-axis resistivity is similar, except for a sharp drop upon entry into an antiferromagnetic state at T_N ∼ 125 K. Below 10 K the resistivity follows a non-Fermi-liquid power law, ρ(T) = ρ_0 − AT^x with x < 1, while the specific heat shows Fermi liquid behaviour with a large Sommerfeld coefficient, γ ∼ 30 mJ/molK^2. The high temperature properties are reminiscent of those of the parent compounds of the new layered iron-pnictide superconductors, however the T → 0 K properties suggest a new class of non-Fermi liquid. The metamagnetic critical end point temperature T^∗ in Sr3Ru2O7 as a function of hydrostatic pressure with H//ab has been studied using the ac susceptibility. It is found that T^∗ falls monotonically with increasing pressure, going to zero at Pc = 14±0.3 kbar. One sign of the nematic phase observed in the field-angle tuning, i.e. T^∗ rises as the novel phase emerges, has not been seen in our study. However, we see a slope change in T^∗ vs P at ∼12.8 kbar, and a shoulder at the upper field side of the peak in χ′ from ∼12.8 kbar to ∼16.7 kbar. These new features indicate that some new physics sets in near the pressure-tuned QCEP.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24917
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Physics - Doctoral theses

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