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Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering >
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/25066

Title: Measurements of Steady Flow through a Bileaflet Mechanical Heart Valve using Stereoscopic PIV
Authors: Hutchison, Chris
Sullivan, Pierre E
Ethier, C Ross
Keywords: Particle Image Velocimetry
Bileaflet Mechanical Heart Valve
Experimental Data
Stereoscopic PIV
CFD Validation
Reynolds stress
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: Computational modeling of bileaflet heart valve (BiMHV) flow requires experimentally validated datasets and improved knowledge of BiMHV fluid mechanics. In this study, flow was studied downstream of a model BiMHV in an axisymmetric aortic sinus using stereoscopic particle image velocimetry. The inlet flow was steady and the Reynolds number based on the aortic diameter was 7600. Results showed the out-of-plane velocity was of similar magnitude as the transverse velocity. Although additional studies are needed for confirmation, analysis of the out-of-plane velocity showed the possible presence of a four-cell streamwise vortex structure in the mean velocity field. Spatial data for all six Reynolds stress components were obtained. Reynolds normal stress profiles revealed similarities between the central jet and free jets. These findings are important to BiMHV flow modeling, though clinical relevance is limited due to the idealized conditions chosen. To this end, the dataset is publicly available for CFD validation purposes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/25066
Appears in Collections:Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

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