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|Title: ||Community balance and mobility scale: age-related reference values|
|Authors: ||Clegg, Heather|
|Advisor: ||Howe, Jo-Anne|
|Department: ||Physical Therapy|
|Keywords: ||community balance and mobility scale|
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Abstract: ||Purpose: To establish age-related reference values for the Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CB+M) for healthy adults aged 20-79, as well as explore the relationship between CB+M scores and BMI, strength, gait velocity and physical activity level. Method: 54 healthy participants aged 20-79 completed the CB+M, BMI, 10m Walk Test, grip strength, 30-sec chair stand and International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Means, standard deviations, 95% confidence intervals were calculated for all variables. ANOVA and subsequent t-tests were then performed on CB+M data. Correlation coefficients were calculated between CB+M and each variable. A threshold where CB+M scores began to decline was identified and data were dichotomized into two age categories. T-tests were then conducted to identify between group differences in the variables.
Results: CB+M scores begin to decline from age 50 onwards. A moderate correlation between CB+M scores and BMI, 30-second chair stand, and fast-gait velocity were identified. T-tests revealed significant difference between dichotomized groups in BMI (p<0.001), 30-second chair stand (p=0.005) and fast-gait velocity (p=0.006). Conclusion: This study has contributed to establishing age-related reference values for the CB+M and identified a decline in balance after age 49. Also BMI, lower extremity strength and gait velocity may affect balance performance.|
|Description: ||Affiliated institutions include: Toronto Rehabilitation Institute (J. Howe, L. Inness, W. McIlroy, J. Williams), University of Toronto (S. Jaglal)|
|Appears in Collections:||Student Research and Publications|
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