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Faculty of Medicine >
Department of Physical Therapy >
Student Research and Publications >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/25249

Title: Community balance and mobility scale: age-related reference values
Authors: Clegg, Heather
Fernande, Sharon
Parsley, Dana
Welch, Tyler
Zbarsky, Kathryn
Advisor: Howe, Jo-Anne
Inness, Liz
Williams, Josh
McIlroy, William
Jaglal, Susan
Department: Physical Therapy
Keywords: community balance and mobility scale
balance
mobility
norms
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: Purpose: To establish age-related reference values for the Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CB+M) for healthy adults aged 20-79, as well as explore the relationship between CB+M scores and BMI, strength, gait velocity and physical activity level. Method: 54 healthy participants aged 20-79 completed the CB+M, BMI, 10m Walk Test, grip strength, 30-sec chair stand and International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Means, standard deviations, 95% confidence intervals were calculated for all variables. ANOVA and subsequent t-tests were then performed on CB+M data. Correlation coefficients were calculated between CB+M and each variable. A threshold where CB+M scores began to decline was identified and data were dichotomized into two age categories. T-tests were then conducted to identify between group differences in the variables. Results: CB+M scores begin to decline from age 50 onwards. A moderate correlation between CB+M scores and BMI, 30-second chair stand, and fast-gait velocity were identified. T-tests revealed significant difference between dichotomized groups in BMI (p<0.001), 30-second chair stand (p=0.005) and fast-gait velocity (p=0.006). Conclusion: This study has contributed to establishing age-related reference values for the CB+M and identified a decline in balance after age 49. Also BMI, lower extremity strength and gait velocity may affect balance performance.
Description: Affiliated institutions include: Toronto Rehabilitation Institute (J. Howe, L. Inness, W. McIlroy, J. Williams), University of Toronto (S. Jaglal)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/25249
Appears in Collections:Student Research and Publications

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