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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/25897

Title: Interventions to Mitigate the Effects of Interruptions During High-risk Medication Administration
Authors: Prakash, Varuna
Advisor: Trbovich, Patricia
Department: Biomedical Engineering
Keywords: Interruptions
Medical Errors
Human Factors
Medication Administration
Issue Date: 13-Jan-2011
Abstract: Research suggests that interruptions are ubiquitous in healthcare settings and have a negative impact on patient safety. However, there is a lack of solutions to reduce harm arising from interruptions. Therefore, this research aimed to design and test the effectiveness of interventions to mitigate the effects of interruptions during medication administration. A three-phased study was conducted. First, direct observation was conducted to quantify the state of interruptions in an ambulatory unit where nurses routinely administered high-risk medications. Secondly, a user-centred approach was used to design interventions targeting errors arising from these interruptions. Finally, the effectiveness of these interventions was evaluated through a high-fidelity simulation experiment. Results showed that medication administration error rates decreased significantly on 4 of 7 measures with the use of interventions, compared to the control condition. Results of this work will help guide the implementation of interventions in nursing environments to reduce medication errors caused by interruptions.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/25897
Appears in Collections:Master

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