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|Title: ||Molecular Modeling of Immobilized Single and Double Stranded Oligonucleotides in Mixture with Oligomers|
|Authors: ||Al-Sarraj, Taufik|
|Advisor: ||Krull, Ulrich Jorg|
|Keywords: ||Molecular Modelling|
|Issue Date: ||14-Jan-2011|
|Abstract: ||Interactions between single and double stranded oligonucleotides with SiO2 surfaces and the interactions between oligonucleotides and immobilized oligomers have been studied computationally. The oligonucleotide is the 18-base-pair sequence for the survival motor neuron gene SMN1. The oligomer consisted of a 50 unit 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (PHEMA) molecule. A linker used to tether the oligonucleotide was either a 10 Å or a 30 Å long succinimdyl 4-[N-maleimidomethyl]cyclohexane-1-caroxylate (sulfo-SMCC-Cn). The surface consisted of a SiO2 crystal that was 50 Å long and 50 Å wide, one unit thick and covered with modified-(3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane (m-APTMS) molecules.
It was determined that explicit water, sodium counterions and excess salt were necessary to produce computationally stable oligonucleotide structures on surfaces. Artificial partial charges were introduced to the surface, and linkers, oligomers and oligonucleotides were immobilized and studied. The linkers collapsed onto a positive but not onto a negative surface. Oligomers moved closer to the SiO2 surface regardless of the surface charge. Immobilized oligonucleotides tilted significantly from an initial upright position but did not collapse completely onto the surfaces.
The interactions between immobilized oligonucleotides and oligomers were examined. The number of oligomers surrounding the oligonucleotide was varied between two and four. Single stranded oligonucleotides were prevented from interacting with the surface as they were inhibited by the presence of oligomers. Double stranded oligonucleotides collapsed onto the surface when only two oligomers were present but remained upright when four oligomers were present. This was due to the four oligomers interacting with one another and effectively shielding the surface. The oligomers interacted with the bases in the single stranded oligonucleotides, making them energetically accessible. Presence of a high density of oligomers prevented the dsDNA from collapsing onto the surface. These results suggest design criteria for preparation of mixed oligonucleotide and oligomer films for use in biosensors.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
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