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|Title: ||Characterization of the Role of Elg1-RFC in Suppression of Genome Instability|
|Authors: ||Davidson, Marta|
|Advisor: ||Brown, Grant|
|Issue Date: ||14-Feb-2011|
|Abstract: ||Sliding clamps and their cognate clamp loaders facilitate DNA synthesis, DNA repair, and sister chromatid cohesion in eukaryotes. ELG1 (enhanced level of genome instability) encodes a member of the fourth clamp-loader-like complex identified to date, and is important in the maintenance of genome integrity. Like all clamp loaders, Elg1 is a replication factor C (RFC) homologue. I examined the roles of the unique and conserved regions of S.cerevisiae Elg1 in resistance to exogenous DNA damage and suppression of spontaneous DNA damage. The conserved RFC region of Elg1 mediates association with chromatin function. The unique C- terminus of Elg1 mediates oligomerization with Rfc2-5, a core complex present in all clamp loaders, and is essential for Elg1 function. Finally, the N-terminus of Elg1 promotes its nuclear localization and contributes to the maintenance of genome stability.
The Elg1-RFC complex most likely functions in collaboration with the sliding clamp PCNA. Combining mutations in ELG1 and PCNA results in endogenous DNA damage, which activates a noncanonical DNA damage response that results in upregulation of dNTP production. Increased dNTP pools allow significant DNA synthesis to occur at hydroxyurea (HU) concentrations that prevent replication in wild type cells. However, consistent with the recognized correlation between dNTP levels and spontaneous mutation, the double mutant exhibits a significant increase in mutation frequency. These phenotypes are also detectable in the single mutants although to a lesser extent. Together, these findings suggest that spontaneous mutagenesis stimulated by endogenous DNA damage may be a general feature of the DNA damage response.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
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