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T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries >
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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/26290

Title: Large-eddy Simulation of Premixed Turbulent Combustion Using Flame Surface Density Approach
Authors: Lin, Wen
Advisor: Groth, Clinton P. T.
Gulder, Omer L.
Department: Aerospace Science and Engineering
Keywords: large-eddy simulation
turbulent combustion
flame surface density
Issue Date: 18-Feb-2011
Abstract: In the last 10-15 years, large-eddy simulation (LES) has become well established for non-reacting flows, and several successful models have been developed for the transfer of momentum and kinetic energy to the subfilter-scales (SFS). However, for reacting flows, LES is still undergoing significant development. In particular, for many premixed combustion applications, the chemical reactions are confined to propagating surfaces that are significantly thinner than the computational grids used in practical LES. In these situations, the chemical kinetics and its interaction with the turbulence are not resolved and must be entirely modelled. There is, therefore, a need for accurate and robust physical modelling of combustion at the subfilter-scales. In this thesis, modelled transport equations for progress variable and flame surface density (FSD) were implemented and coupled to the Favre-filtered Navier-Stokes equations for a compressible reactive thermally perfect mixture. In order to reduce the computational costs and increase the resolution of simulating combusting flows, a parallel adaptive mesh (AMR) refinement finite-volume algorithm was extended and used for the prediction of turbulent premixed flames. The proposed LES methodology was applied to the numerical solution of freely propagating flames in decaying isotropic turbulent flow and Bunsen-type flames. Results for both stoichiometric and lean flames are presented. Comparisons are made between turbulent flame structure predictions for methane, propane, hydrogen fuels, and other available numerical results and experimental data. Details of subfilter-scale modelling, numerical solution scheme, computational results, and capabilities of the methodology for predicting premixed combustion processes are included in the discussions. The current study represents the first application of a full transport equation model for the FSD to LES of a laboratory-scale turbulent premixed flame. The comparisons of the LES results of this thesis to the experimental data provide strong support for the validity of the modelled transport equation for the FSD. While the LES predictions of turbulent burning rate are seemingly correct for flames lying within the wrinkled and corrugated flamelet regimes and for lower turbulence intensities, the findings cast doubt on the validity of the flamelet approximation for flames within the thin reaction zones regime.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/26290
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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