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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/26388

Title: Three Dimensional Radio Frequency Current Density Imaging
Authors: Wang, Dinghui
Advisor: Joy, Michael
Nachman, Adrian
Department: Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Current Density Imaging (CDI)
Radio Frequency CDI
Issue Date: 23-Feb-2011
Abstract: Biological tissues are generally conductive and knowing the current distribution in these tissues is of great importance in many biomedical applications. Radio frequency current density imaging (RF-CDI) is a technology that measures current density distributions at the Larmor frequency utilizing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). RF-CDI computes the applied current density, J, from the non-invasively measured magnetic field, H, produced by J. The previously implemented RF-CDI techniques could only image a single slice at a time. The previous method for RF current density reconstruction only computed one component of J. Moreover, this reconstruction required an assumption about H, which may be easily violated. These technical constraints have limited the potential biomedical applications of RF-CDI. In this thesis, we address the limitations of RF-CDI mentioned above. First, we implement a multi-slice RF-CDI sequence with a clinical MRI system and characterize its sensitivity to MRI random noise. Second, we present a novel method to fully reconstruct all three components of J without relying on any assumption of H. The central idea of our approach is to rotate the sample by 180 degrees in the horizontal plane to collect adequate MR data from two opposite sample orientations to compute one component of J. Furthermore, this approach can be extended to reconstruct the other two components of J by adding one additional sample orientation in the horizontal plane. This method has been verified by simulations and electrolytic phantom experiments. We have therefore demonstrated for the first time the feasibility of imaging the magnitude and phase of all components of the RF current density vector. The work presented in this thesis is expected to significantly enhance RF-CDI to image biological subjects. The current density vector J or any component of J can be measured over multiple slices without the compromise of motions of organs and tissues caused by gravitational force, thanks to the method of horizontal rotations. In addition, the reconstruction of the complex conductivity of biological tissues becomes possible due to the current advance in RF-CDI presented here.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/26388
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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