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|Title: ||The Effects of Parent-child and Teacher-child Relationships on Diverse Children's Transition to School|
|Authors: ||Brent, Julaine|
|Advisor: ||Pelletier, Janette|
|Department: ||Human Development and Applied Psychology|
transition to school
|Issue Date: ||28-Feb-2011|
|Abstract: ||The transition to school marks an important developmental step for children and families.
Coping and competence during such a transition begin long before the child enters the classroom and effects last for many years. Although children are born with the capacity to learn, it is the quality of relationships, particularly the relationship with the primary caregiver that shapes early learning experiences. This study examined the links between the attachment relationship between mother and child on the developing teacher-child relationship, the effects of the adult-child relationships on child outcomes and on children’s perspectives of their kindergarten experience. Contextual factors were
considered in relation to adult-child relationships and child outcomes.
Despite a robust literature on mother-child relationships and teacher-child relationships, no empirical studies have examined these relationships with parallel
instruments and few studies include the children’s voices. For this study, participants included mothers and their kindergarten children (N= 74) and kindergarten teachers (N=7) from five schools that differed in linguistic and socio-economic profiles. Mothers and teachers completed a Q-Sort measure of child attachment security and dependency, and children participated in three early literacy tasks and a child interview.
The lack of significant association between mother-child attachment quality and
dependency and direct child literacy outcomes was a surprising finding. Nevertheless, child interviews revealed that children who were less secure and more dependent with their mothers expressed difficulties with the academic aspects of school. The quality of teacher-child relationships was positively related to children’s early literacy outcomes.
These findings were interpreted in light of contextual factors as suggested by
Bronfenbrenner’s social-ecological theory. Adult reports of children’s attachment
security and dependency were related to children’s participation in childcare or in a
preschool program for more than 10 hours a week and to attendance in a private school
that offered a full day preschool and kindergarten program.
The implications of these findings point to the important role of high quality early
childhood experiences that support attachment relationships with caregivers as children make the transition to school.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
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