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|Title: ||Fundamental Investigation of Inkjet Deposition and Physical Immobilization of Horseradish Peroxidase on Cellulosic Substrates|
|Authors: ||Di Risio, Sabina|
|Advisor: ||Yan, Ning|
|Department: ||Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry|
|Keywords: ||bioactive paper|
|Issue Date: ||7-Mar-2011|
|Abstract: ||In this study, novel bio-inks formulated with horseradish peroxidase, HRP, and some additives were successfully developed for piezoelectric inkjet application. The optimized bio-ink formulation had a reliable jetting performance and maintained the biofunctionality before and after printing. The bio-ink also demonstrated a good storage life for up to 40 days at 4 oC with a negligible loss of biofunctionality. However, it was observed that some additives used in the bio-ink for obtaining necessary operational characteristics had detrimental effects on the enzyme activity. Especially, it was found that various viscosity modifiers typically used in commercial inkjet inks significantly impaired HRP activity prior to printing. Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose was shown to be an effective viscosity modifier that had no adverse effect on the biological activity of the HRP enzyme.
Using a confocal scanning fluorescent microscope, a method for characterizing the spatial distribution of the active enzyme within the cellulosic paper substrates after inkjet printing was developed. Interestingly, it was found that the active printed HRP enzyme was mostly located in the cell walls of the cellulosic fibers instead of near the pigments or fillers.
In an effort to better understand the fundamental interactions between the enzyme and the immobilization substrates, HRP adsorption isotherms on various substrate surfaces were obtained using the depletion method. The substrates included not only pulp fibers with varying degree of hydrophobicity and pigment and latex (the key materials used in papermaking), but also other types of cellulosic fibers of different morphologies, crystallinities, porosities, or surface charge densities. The influence on enzyme adsorption and inactivation behaviour of these substrates was compared with that of polystyrene beads (dialysed), which has been well studied in the literature. Results from this thesis indicated that hydrophobic interactions between the enzyme and the substrate surfaces had a major impact on the HRP adsorption behavior, while electrostatic interactions played a minor role. However, strong hydrophobic interactions could lead to enzyme inactivation. Research findings from this study suggested that cellulosic pulp fibers could be tailor-made into excellent enzyme immobilization supports by using existing fiber surface modification techniques.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
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