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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/27309

Title: Contextualizing Development Projects Among the San of Botswana: Challenges of Community Gardening in the Okavango Delta
Authors: Cadger, Kirstie Frances
Keywords: community garden
Botswana
San
Okavango Delta
Non-Governmental Organization
international development
Issue Date: 19-May-2011
Abstract: The San of southern Africa have been on the receiving end of numerous contemporary development projects, largely because of their status as one of the most highly marginalized groups in the region. However, as is the case with other development projects that are aimed at targeting poverty-related issues, the goals of these projects are often not met. Through the analysis of two community garden projects, which were implemented in two of Botswana’s San communities (Shaikarawe and Kaputura), this thesis explores how the challenges that were faced in these projects are related to the history and political economy of the San. In this study, interviews and participant observation were used in the two case-study communities and in the case-study region to identify and examine the challenges and underlying issues relating to the projects. The challenges that emerged through this research relate to project design, project implementation and environmental constraints and I argue that they can be explained by the San’s history of disrupted livelihoods and their past and current treatment by the government. The long history of programs targeting the San in Botswana, whereby government provided many hand-outs to them, including paying them to cultivate their own fields, has clearly made it difficult for the San to achieve any sense of empowerment. This thesis demonstrates the importance of considering the context of the San in the development process and that by doing this, future projects that involve the San may be designed and implemented in a way that targets the problem more appropriately.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/27309
Appears in Collections:Senior Students Theses

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