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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/27320

Title: Validity and Fairness in Accommodations, Special Provisions, and Participation Decisions on the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test
Authors: Black-Allen, Jesse
Advisor: Jang, Eunice
Department: Curriculum, Teaching and Learning
Keywords: English language learner
special needs
standardized tests
Issue Date: 24-May-2011
Abstract: Policy guidelines of the Education Quality and Accountability Office (EQAO) state that accommodations and participation decisions on the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT) do not threaten validity. However, these issues are contentious in American large-scale testing. New approaches integrate test access, administration, accommodation and participation within a unified fairness and validity construct. The current study, based on demographic and outcome data for the entire population of OSSLT-eligible students from 2006 to 2009, demonstrates changing patterns in accommodations and participation decisions across schools and years. In particular, English language learners are found to be considerably underrepresented among students receiving special needs accommodations. This has implications for the valid interpretation and fair use of test scores. Recommendations are proposed for improving fairness, consistency, and validity in administering accommodations and participation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/27320
Appears in Collections:Master

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