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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/29593

Title: The Trajectory of Recovery and the Inter-relationships of Symptoms, Activity and Participation in the First Year Following Total Hip and Knee Replacement
Authors: Davis, AM
Perruccio, AV
Ibrahim, S
Hogg-Johnson, S
Wong, R
Streiner, DL
Beaton, DE
Cote, P
Gignac, MA
Flannery, J
Schemitsch, E
Mahomed, NN
Badley, EM
Keywords: knee replacement, hip replacement, recovery, outcomes, path analysis
Issue Date: Aug-2011
Publisher: Osteoarthritis & Cartilage
Citation: Osteoarthritis & Cartilage. E-pub ahead of print 24August 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2011.08.007
Abstract: Objective: Primary hip (THR) and knee (TKR) replacement outcomes typically include pain and function with a single time of follow-up post-surgery. This research evaluated the trajectory of recovery and inter-relationships within and across time of physical impairments (PI) (e.g. symptoms), activity limitations (AL), and social participation restrictions (PR) in the year following THR and TKR for osteoarthritis. Design: Participants (hip: n=437; knee: 494) completed measures pre-surgery and at 2 weeks, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months post-surgery. These included PI (HOOS/KOOS symptoms and Chronic Pain Grade); AL (HOOS/KOOS activities of daily living and sports/leisure activities); and, PR (Late Life Disability and the Calderdale community mobility). RANOVA was used to evaluate the trajectory of recovery of outcomes and the inter-relationships of PI, AL and PR were evaluated using path analysis. All analyses were adjusted for age, sex, obesity, THR/TKR, low back pain and mood. Results: THR: age 31-86 years with 55% female; TKR: age 35-88 years with 65% female. Significant improvements in outcomes were observed over time. However, improvements were lagged over time with earlier improvements in PI and AL and later improvements in PR. Within and across time, PI was associated with AL and AL was associated with PR. The magnitude of these inter-relationships varied over time. Conclusion: Given the lagged inter-relationship of PI, AL and PR, the provision and timing of interventions targeting all constructs are critical to maximizing outcome. Current care pathways focusing on short-term follow-up with limited attention to social and community participation should be re-evaluated.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/29593
Appears in Collections:UofT Faculty publications

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