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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/29715

Title: Bose-Einstein Condensate Wavefunction Reconstruction Through Collisions with Optical Potentials
Authors: Ellenor, Christopher William
Advisor: Steinberg, Aephraim
Department: Physics
Keywords: Bose-Einstein Condensate
Issue Date: 30-Aug-2011
Abstract: A new technique for the interferometric measurement of an atomic wavefunction is introduced theoretically, which is able to extract phase and amplitude information in a single measurement. I focus on the application of this technique to the single-particle wavefunction of a Bose condensed cloud of rubidium atoms. The technique differs from existing techniques mainly in its simplicity, as it requires only a single laser beam to be added to a typical Bose-Einstein condensation apparatus. A second novel aspect is the consideration of condensate collisions with an optical potential in the low-intensity limit where the potential barrier may be viewed as a phase mask. The technique is then demonstrated experimentally. A related effect, the transient enhancement of momentum during a collision, first predicted by JG Muga et al., has also been demonstrated. Finally, significant redesign and construction of an apparatus to produce condensates of 87Rb is documented. The main result of this work is the production of pure condensates of up to 150k atoms which can be repeated every 45s. A calibration technique is devised and demonstrated, whereby copies of the condensate are made, and the copies are used to reduce the centre-of-mass momentum uncertainty of the interacting cloud by a factor of five.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/29715
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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