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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/29758

Title: Cell Non-autonomous Regulation of Death in C. elegans
Authors: Ito, Shu
Advisor: Derry, William Brent
Department: Molecular and Medical Genetics
Keywords: C. elegans
apoptosis
Issue Date: 31-Aug-2011
Abstract: Programmed cell death (PCD or apoptosis) is an evolutionarily conserved, genetically controlled suicide mechanism for cells, which when deregulated, can lead to developmental defects, cancers and degenerative diseases. In C. elegans, DNA damage induces germ cell death by signaling through cep-1/p53 ultimately leading to the activation of the CED-3/caspase. It has been hypothesized that the major regulatory events controlling cell death occur by cell autonomous mechanisms, that is within the dying cell. In support of this, genetic studies in C. elegans have shown that the core apoptosis pathway genes ced-4/APAF1 and ced-3/caspase are required in cells fated to die. However, it is not known whether the upstream signals that activate apoptosis function in a cell autonomous manner. Here I show that two genes, kri-1, an ortholog of KRIT1/CCM1 that is mutated in the human neurovascular disease cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) and daf-2, an insulin-like receptor, are required to activate DNA damage-dependent cell death independently of cep-1/p53. Interestingly, I found that both genes can regulate cell death in a non-autonomous manner, revealing a novel role for non-dying cells in eliciting death in response to DNA damage.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/29758
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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