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|Title: ||Intentional traumatic brain injury in Ontario, Canada|
|Authors: ||Kim, Hwan|
|Advisor: ||Colantonio, Angela|
|Department: ||Rehabilitation Science|
|Keywords: ||traumatic brain injury|
|Issue Date: ||31-Aug-2011|
|Abstract: ||Violence and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are two major public health concerns. This thesis is comprised of three different research topics; the epidemiology of intentional TBI in Ontario, discharge against medical advice (DAMA) as an undesirable outcome of acute stage, and functional changes after receiving rehabilitation care. To study these areas, three different datasets from the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) were used.
The first epidemiological study on intentional TBI identified 1,409 (8.0%) intentional TBIs and 16,211 (92.0%) unintentional TBIs. Of the intentional TBIs, 389 (27.6%) were self-inflicted TBI (Si-TBI) and 1,020 (72.4%) were other-inflicted TBI (Oi-TBI). The most common causes of Si-TBI were “jumping from high places” and “firearms”. Major causes of Oi-TBI were ‘fight and brawl” and “struck by objects”. Si-TBI was associated with younger age, female gender, and having a history of alcohol/drug abuse. Oi-TBI was also associated with younger age and having an alcohol/drug abuse history and also with male gender. The second study on discharge against medical advice found that 446 (2.84%) TBI patients left hospitals without medical advice. DAMA was significantly associated with intentional injuries in those with self-inflicted TBI and other-inflicted TBI. DAMA was also associated with younger age and a history of alcohol/drug abuse. Using univariate analyses, the third study found that people with intentional TBI had significantly lower FIM gains in the motor area and significantly lower relative function gains (as measured by Montebello Rehabilitation Factor Score) in the cognitive area. Multivariate analyses of the same data showed that intentional TBI was also associated with lower cognitive relative gains, while controlling for age, gender, alcohol/abuse history, and other demographic and clinical variables. Persons with intentional TBI were found to be less likely to be discharged home, controlling for other relevant confounders.
In conclusion, a person who has been injured due to assault or suicidal attempt may need more individualized care as they may be at greater risk for adverse rehabilitation outcomes. These findings regarding people with intentional TBI provide a basis for enhancing efforts on prevention of violence-related TBI and DAMA, and also for improving rehabilitation programs and discharge plans for this vulnerable population.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
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