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T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries >
School of Graduate Studies - Theses >
Doctoral >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/29785

Title: "To Make the Negro Anew"; The African American Worker in the Progressive Imagination 1896-1928
Authors: Lawrie, Paul
Advisor: Bender, Daniel
Halpern, Rick
Department: History
Keywords: African American
Progressivism
Labor
World War One
Evolution
Scientific Management
Issue Date: 31-Aug-2011
Abstract: This dissertation examines how progressive era social scientists thought about African American workers and their place in the nation’s industrial past, present, and future.Progressives across the color line drew on a common discourse of industrial evolution that linked racial development with labor fitness. Evolutionary science merged with scientific management to create new taxonomies of racial labor fitness. I chart this process from turn of the century actuarial science which defined African Americans as a dying race, to wartime mental and physical testing that acknowledged the Negro as a vital -albeit inferior- part of the nation’s industrial workforce. During this period, African Americans struggled to prove their worth on the shop-floor, the battlefield, and the academy. This thesis contends that the modern Negro type- African Americans as objects of social scientific inquiry- which came of age in the post-World War Two era, was born in the draft boards, factories, trenches, hospitals, and university classrooms of the Progressive Era.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/29785
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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