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|Title: ||Coating Performance on Preservative Treated Wood|
|Authors: ||Nejad, Mojgan|
|Advisor: ||Cooper, Paul|
|Issue Date: ||31-Aug-2011|
|Abstract: ||Wood service life is significantly prolonged by the use of preservatives. Unfortunately, preservative treated wood is still susceptible to weathering degradation (UV and moisture) and subsequent leaching of preserving components. These negative impacts of weathering can be reduced by the application of a coating; however, the effectiveness of the coating depends on its characteristics, especially its compatibility with preservative treated wood.
In this project, the performance characteristics of semitransparent deck stains were evaluated for untreated wood samples and for samples treated with chromated copper arsenate (CCA), alkaline copper quat (ACQ) and copper azole (CA) over three years of natural and three months of accelerated weathering conditions. The parameters measured were water permeability, colour change, general appearance, checking of wood, and the coating‟s ability to reduce preservative leaching.
Coatings were characterized in terms of glass transition temperature (Tg), solid content, viscosity, density, contact angle, surface tension, and film thickness. Also penetration depth of a polyurethane (PU) coating was examined using Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS).
All the stains evaluated effectively reduced cumulative leaching of preservative components by about 60% on average. An analysis of the preservative gradients and residual soluble components in the ACQ-samples after weathering indicated that preferential leaching of monoethanolamine (Mea) is most likely responsible for the reduced amounts of available copper in coated treated wood samples. Also, a two-week screening test was able to provide accurate predictions of the long-term leaching performance of different coatings.
There was a significant interaction effect between coatings and preservatives: solvent-based coatings showed better water repellency for CCA and untreated wood, but there was no significant difference in water repellent effectiveness between water-based and solvent-based coatings for ACQ or CA-treated wood. Overall, preservative treatments greatly enhanced coating performance. Image analysis of the samples subjected to 3 years weathering showed that coatings reduced surface checking by 30-40%.
Partial least squares regression (PLS-R) modeling was used to correlate measured coating properties with their weathering performance characteristics. The modeling results showed that coatings with low Tg and high viscosity effectively reduce the leaching of preservative components and improved water repellency and visual ratings|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
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