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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/29980

Title: Matrix Supplemented Stem Cell Microencapsulation for Regenerative Medicine
Authors: Hakimzadeh, Nazanin
Advisor: Courtman, David
Stewart, Duncan John
Department: Biomedical Engineering
Keywords: Biomedical Engineering
Cell Biology
Medicine and Surgery
0564
0379
Issue Date: 16-Sep-2011
Abstract: Previous studies reported that matrix protein supplementation (fibronectin/fibrinogen, FN/FG) of agarose gel microcapsules enhances survival and pulmonary retention of syngeneic rat multipotent stromal cells (MSCs). I hypothesized that additional supplementation of microcapsules with osteopontin (OPN) and transglutaminase 2 (TG2) would enhance cell survival, while stabilizing the provisional matrix. Using monomeric OPN or OPN polymerized with TG2, I examined human MSC adhesion, morphology, focal contact formation and apoptosis. Polymeric OPN induced greater adhesion than monomeric OPN (84.5±10.7 vs. 44.3±10.0cells/field), and also significantly enhanced focal contact formation (351.5±21.2 vs. 45.6±17.6 focal contact sites/cell) and cell spreading (2.7x103±0.20x103μm2 vs. 1.2x103±0.26x102μm2) while preserving MSC pluripotency. Microcapsules supplemented with FN/FG, polymeric OPN and TG2 demonstrated significantly less apoptotic cells than FN/FG microcapsules (14.0±2.34% vs. 28.2±3.22%). Reduced apoptosis was attributed to matrix stabilization by TG2 and the synergistic activity of matrix proteins. It is anticipated that this enhanced survival will maximize the therapeutic potential of MSCs.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/29980
Appears in Collections:Master

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