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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/30095

Title: Measuring Phonological Short-term Memory, apart from Lexical Knowledge
Authors: Kornacki, Tamara
Advisor: Geva, Esther
Department: Human Development and Applied Psychology
Keywords: Phonological short-term memory
Repetition of nonwords
Cognitive development
Wordlikeness of nonwords
Issue Date: 29-Nov-2011
Abstract: The current research examined whether nonword repetition (NWR) tasks, designed to measure phonological short-term memory, are also influenced by familiarity with lexical representation of a given language. In Study 1, children with and without exposure to Hebrew were administered a NWR task based on the Hebrew language structure (HNWR). On the HNWR, participants with Hebrew exposure significantly outperformed participants who had no familiarity with any Semitic language. This indicates that long-term phonological and lexical knowledge can be used to aid NWR performance. Study 2 investigated whether a NWR task based on a foreign language could minimize the lexicality effect. English speaking undergraduate students rated the less familiar HNWR task to be lower in wordlikeness than English-like NWR tasks. These findings demonstrate that regardless of language background a NWR task based on an unfamiliar language structure is a more valid measure of the phonological processing skills required for vocabulary acquisition.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/30095
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