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|Title: ||Comparison of Different Strategies for the Management of Febrile Neutropenia in Children - A Cost-utility Analysis|
|Authors: ||Teuffel, Marc Oliver|
|Advisor: ||Sung, Lillian|
|Department: ||Health Policy, Management and Evaluation|
|Keywords: ||pediatric oncology|
|Issue Date: ||30-Nov-2011|
|Abstract: ||Introduction: There is uncertainty whether low-risk febrile neutropenia (FN) episodes in children with cancer are best managed in the inpatient or outpatient setting.
Methods: A cost-utility model was created to compare four different treatment strategies for low-risk FN in pediatric cancer patients. Outcome measures were quality-adjusted FN episodes (QAFNE), costs (Canadian dollar), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER).
Results: The most cost-effective strategy was outpatient treatment with intravenous antibiotics. It was cost saving ($2,732 versus $2,757) and more effective (0.66 QAFNE versus 0.55 QAFNE) as compared to outpatient treatment with oral antibiotics. An early discharge strategy after 48 hours in hospital was slightly more effective but significantly more expensive than outpatient treatment with intravenous antibiotics resulting in an unacceptably high ICER of more than $130,000 per QAFNE. Inpatient care was the least cost-effective strategy.
Conclusions: Outpatient strategies for treatment of low-risk FN in children are more cost-effective than traditional inpatient care.|
|Appears in Collections:||Master|
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