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|Title: ||Optimization of Aggregate Gradation Combinations to Improve Concrete Sustainability|
|Authors: ||Anson-Cartwright, Majella|
|Advisor: ||Hooton, Robert Douglas|
|Department: ||Civil Engineering|
|Issue Date: ||1-Dec-2011|
|Abstract: ||By optimizing the packing of the combined aggregate gradations, the cement paste content needed to make concrete can be reduced, improving sustainability, cost, performance, durability, and workability. Optimization can be achieved using theoretical and empirical techniques, or waste concrete material as an intermediate size fraction. However, the potential for improvement is currently limited by prescriptive grading specifications that require meeting individual requirements for fine and coarse aggregates.
From this study, using various optimization techniques, it was found that by inclusion of an intermediate sized aggregate material, a reduction in cement paste up to 16% is possible for 35 MPa and 50 MPa mix designs typically used in Ontario bridge decks. The aggregate materials used were a natural sand, and two crushed limestones of 19.0 mm and 6.7 mm maximum size. From these findings, recommendations are made for improving the current Ontario Provincial Standard Specification (OPSS) 1002 used for concrete aggregates.|
|Appears in Collections:||Master|
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