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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/30597

Title: The Role of the Innated Immune System in Bisphonate-induced Osteonecrosis of the Jaw
Authors: Forster, Carol
Advisor: Glogauer, Michael
Department: Dentistry
Keywords: Neutrophil
Issue Date: 7-Dec-2011
Abstract: Bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw (BPONJ) has been identified as a severe complication of dental treatment in 1-10% of patients previously treated with intravenous bisphosphonates. The mechanism by which bisphosphonates induce BPONJ is uncertain. It has been noted that necrotic bone from BPONJ sites display signs of bacterial infection that suggests that an immune defect may play a role in the pathophysiology of BPONJ. The purpose of this thesis examined the effect of a potent bisphosphonate, zoledronate, on the innate immune system, specifically, neutrophil function, differentiation and survival with in vitro and in vivo murine models. Zoledronate exposure leads to decreased neutrophil migration, neutrophil NADPH oxidase activity, circulating neutrophil counts, as well as neutrophil survival, however does not appear to affect neutrophil differentiation. We present evidence that bisphosphonates have the potential to depress the immune system in mice and a subset of patients, possibly contributing to the pathogenesis of BPONJ.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/30597
Appears in Collections:Master

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