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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/3088

Title: Boundary roughness and bedforms in the surf zone
Authors: Sherman, Douglas J.,
Greenwood, Brian,
Issue Date: 1984
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Citation: Marine Geology, 60 (1984) 199--218
Abstract: Hydrodynamical models of the nearshore system frequently assume that a single friction coefficient is sufficient to represent flow conditions at a point in the surf zone. Furthermore, models attempting to relate bed configuration to surf zone flows have relied primarily upon the wave orbital velocity as an indicator of potential bedforms, and thus as the control on boundary roughness. The data presented here point out potential errors arising from either of these approaches. The results of a field experiment conducted at Wendake Beach, Ontario, show that at a single location in an active surf zone, the Darcy-Weisbach friction coefficient, f, varied by approximately 250% (in this case between 0.016 and 0.041). It is also shown that existing bedform models, based upon primary wave motions alone, do not accurately predict conditions at this study site. For a relatively constant wave orbital velocity and velocity asymmetry, it is found that changes in bed roughness, as a result of bedform development, are reflected mainly in the vertical profile of the long-shore current velocity. A sequence of bedforms, from oscillatory ripples through flat bed, is inferred from the data, and found to be supported by diver observations and preserved primary sedimentary structures.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/3088
Appears in Collections:Environmental Science

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