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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/31463

Title: Role of Intercellular Interactions between Mast Cells and Gingival Fibroblasts in Mediating Inflammation
Authors: Termei, Reza
Advisor: McCulloch, Christopher
Department: Dentistry
Keywords: mast cell
fibroblast
inflammtion
Issue Date: 20-Dec-2011
Abstract: The mechanisms that mediate acute exacerbations in chronic inflammatory diseases such as periodontitis are not understood. IL-8 is a potent chemoattractant for neutrophils in acute inflammatory lesions. We investigated the role of fibroblast-mast cell interactions on short-term IL-8 release. Human gingival fibroblasts were co-cultured with human mast cells (HMC-1). After co-culture, the concentration of IL-8 was measured by ELISA. HMC co-cultured with fibroblasts increased IL-8 secretion by >6-fold, which required intercellular contact and was blocked by the gap junction inhibitor BGA. Thapsigargin-induced elevations of intracellular calcium increased IL-8 levels by 15-fold. Chemotaxis of human neutrophils was significantly enhanced in response to conditioned medium from co-cultures. Calcein-dye transfer showed intercellular, gap junction communication between HMC and fibroblasts that was dependent in part on β1 integrins. We conclude that mast cells adhere to fibroblasts and promote IL-8 secretion, thereby enhancing neutrophil chemotaxis and possibly the perpetuation of the inflammatory response.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/31463
Appears in Collections:Master

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