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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/31712

Title: An Investigation of Educators’ Data Habit of Mind
Authors: Chahine, Saad
Advisor: Childs, Ruth A.
Department: Human Development and Applied Psychology
Keywords: Data Habit of Mind
Score report interpretation
Statistical LIteracy
Issue Date: 5-Jan-2012
Abstract: Educators are increasingly being asked to interact with data to facilitate students’ learning in the classroom. However, as an educational measurement community, we have little understanding of the factors and/or contexts that facilitate educators’ successful use of data. Educators’ use of score reports and the relationship to the intended use is integral to the concept of validity. A conceptual model, “Data Habit of Mind,” is proposed to study educators’ understanding, interpretation and potential applications of results from large-scale assessments. The metaphor, “Habit of Mind,” was originally coined by Robert Sternberg and Dan Keating, and has been applied in the education sector to describe educators’ habits of inquiry when interacting with assessments. Based on an extensive review of the literature, Data Habit of Mind is defined as a combination of statistical literacy and score report interpretation. Statistical literacy is the extent to which an individual is able to describe, organize and reduce, represent, and analyze and interpret data. Score report interpretation is the extent to which an individual is able to describe, summarize, question, and propose an application for a given set of elements on a score report. The combination of these two makes up an individual’s Data Habit of Mind. Twenty educators were interviewed to assess their level of statistical literacy and their score report interpretation skills. A cognitive interview approach was used to capture the educators’ cognitive processes as they solved performance-based tasks, and protocol analysis procedures were used to encode the responses into the conceptual model. Descriptions of educators’ Data Habit of Mind were then generated through qualitative matrix analysis. Four groups of educators were identified based on the patterns of relationship between their statistical literacy and score report interpretation scores. Demographic factors, including teaching experience, gender and educational background were not meaningful predictors of educators’ Data Habit of Mind. These results add to our understanding of how educators interpret and use test results and have implications for test validation processes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/31712
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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