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|Title: ||Structural and Functional Analysis of Two Novel Protein Ligases, Dcn1 and IpaH|
|Authors: ||Chou, Yang-Chieh|
|Advisor: ||Sicheri, Frank|
|Department: ||Molecular and Medical Genetics|
|Issue Date: ||5-Jan-2012|
|Abstract: ||The ubiquitination pathway regulates virtually all cellular processes such as cell cycle control and immune surveillance in eukaryotes, and is thus highly regulated through a variety of means. For instance, the Cullin-RING ubiquitin E3 ligases are regulated by neddylation through the action of a newly identified protein Dcn1. In chapter two, I describe an X-ray crystal structure of yeast Dcn1, encompassing an N-terminal ubiquitin association (UBA) domain and a C-terminal domain of unique architecture, which I termed the PONY (POtentiating NeddYlation) domain. I describe the identification of the reciprocal, conserved binding surfaces on both Dcn1 and yeast cullin Cdc53. In collaboration with Dr. Matthias Peter’s group (ETH Zurich), we show that Dcn1 is necessary and sufficient for cullin neddylation in a purified recombinant system. Together, our data identify Dcn1 as the long sought-after Nedd8 E3 ligase for cullin neddylation.
As a modulator of immune surveillance and inflammatory responses, the ubiquitin system serves as an attractive target for subversion by pathogens. In chapter three, I present a structural and functional analysis of a newly identified bacterial ubiquitin E3 ligase IpaH, present in various pathogenic and commensal bacteria. I demonstrate that the leucine-rich repeat (LRR) substrate recognition domains of different IpaH enzymes auto-inhibit the enzymatic activity of the adjacent catalytic domain by two distinct but conserved structural mechanisms. Auto-inhibition is required for the biological activity of two IpaH enzymes in a yeast model system. Retro-engineering of auto-inhibition into a constitutively active IpaH enzyme from Yersinia demonstrates that most of the infrastructure required to support auto-inhibition is evolutionarily conserved.
In brief, my research provides insights into the mechanism of action of two newly identified protein ligases in the ubiquitination pathway, namely the Nedd8 E3 ligase Dcn1 and bacterial ubiquitin E3 ligase IpaH.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
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