test Browse by Author Names Browse by Titles of Works Browse by Subjects of Works Browse by Issue Dates of Works
       

Advanced Search
Home   
 
Browse   
Communities
& Collections
  
Issue Date   
Author   
Title   
Subject   
 
Sign on to:   
Receive email
updates
  
My Account
authorized users
  
Edit Profile   
 
Help   
About T-Space   

T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries >
School of Graduate Studies - Theses >
Doctoral >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/31740

Title: Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors for Psoriatic Arthritis among Patients with Psoriasis
Authors: Eder, Lihi
Advisor: Gladman, Dafna D.
Department: Medical Science
Keywords: Psoriatic Arthritis
Genetic epidemiology
Risk factor
Psoriasis
Issue Date: 6-Jan-2012
Abstract: Aim: Most of the patients with Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) develop arthritis following the onset of psoriasis. The aim of the project is to identify genetic and environmental risk factors for PsA among psoriasis patients. Methods: PsA and psoriasis patients from two prospective cohorts were analyzed. The incidence of PsA among a prospective cohort of psoriasis patients was assessed. The distribution of Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) alleles and Killer Cell Immunoglobulin like Receptors (KIRs) and their combinations was compared between PsA, psoriasis and healthy controls. In addition, the association between a wide range of environmental exposures and PsA was evaluated by comparing the frequencies of exposed individuals among patients with recent onset PsA and psoriasis. The association between smoking and PsA was further investigated. The prevalence of smoking was in PsA, psoriasis and the general population. The interaction between HLA-C*06 and smoking was also tested. Results: The genetic analysis revealed several HLA-B alleles and HLA haplotypes that are associated with PsA compared to psoriasis and can potentially serve as independent markers for PsA. Furthermore, several combinations of KIR genes and their respective HLA ligands were also found to be associated with PsA compared to psoriasis. The incidence of PsA among psoriasis patients was found to be higher than previously reported and its rate was constant over time. HLA-C*06 was associated with increased interval between psoriasis onset and PsA. Several environmental factors including occupational exposures, infections, injuries and smoking were associated with development of PsA. The prevalence of smoking was decreased among PsA patients compared to psoriasis. The interaction between HLA-C*06 and smoking was found to be significant. Conclusions: Genetic and environmental factors are associated with the development of PsA in patients with psoriasis. These factors may serve as specific markers to identify psoriasis patients at increased risk for PsA.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/31740
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Eder_Lihi_201111_PhD_thesis.pdf2.19 MBAdobe PDF
View/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License
Creative Commons

Items in T-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

uoft