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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/31927

Title: Axisymmetric Drop Shape Analysis (ADSA) and Lung Surfactant
Authors: Saad, Sameh Mossaad Iskander
Advisor: Neumann, A. Wilhelm
Acosta, Edgar
Department: Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Keywords: Surface Thermodynamics
Surface Tension
Lung Surfactant
Issue Date: 11-Jan-2012
Abstract: The objective of this thesis was to further develop a methodology for surface tension measurement called Axisymmetric Drop Shape Analysisn(ADSA) and to adapt it to studies of lung surfactants, i.e. the material that coats and facilitates the functioning of the lungs of all mammals. The key property of a functioning lung surfactant is its surface tension, which can reach extremely low values. Such values are difficult to measure; but a certain configuration of ADSA, using a constrained sessile drop (ADSA--CSD), is capable of performing such measurements. Clinically, lung surfactant films can be altered from both sides, i.e. from the airspace as well as from the bulk liquid phase that carries the film. Therefore, being able to access the interface from both sides is important. Here, ADSA--CSD was redesigned to be used as a micro film balance allowing access to the interface from both gas- and liquid-side. This allows deposition from the gas side as well as complete exchange of the bulk liquid phase. The new design was used to study lung surfactant inhibition and inhibition reversal. A dynamic compression-relaxation model (CRM) was developed to describe the mechanical properties of lung surfactant films by investigating the response of surface tension to changes in surface area. The model evaluates the quality of lung surfactant preparations -- beyond the minimum surface tension value -- and calculates the film properties, i.e. elasticity, adsorption and relaxation, independent of the compression protocol. The accuracy of the surface tension measurement can depend on drop size. A detailed analysis of drop shapes and accuracy of measured surface tension values was performed using a shape parameter concept. Based on this analysis, the design of ADSA--CSD was optimized to facilitate more accurate measurements. The validity analysis was further extended to the more conventional pendant drop setup (ADSA--PD). An overall upgrade of both hardware and software of ADSA--CSD, together with extensive numerical work, is described and applied to facilitate a more efficient operation. Finally, it is noted that the ADSA--CSD setup developed here can be used for a wide range of colloid and surface chemical applications.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/31927
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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