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|Title: ||Understanding and Addressing Barriers: Engaging Adolescents in Mental Health Services|
|Authors: ||Spielvogle, Heather|
|Advisor: ||Mishna, Faye|
|Department: ||Social Work|
|Keywords: ||evidence-based practice|
Mental Health Services Research
|Issue Date: ||11-Jan-2012|
|Abstract: ||This randomized-controlled pilot study explored the impact of a pretreatment, telephone engagement intervention on adolescents’ (ages 13-19) initial mental health service attendance (i.e., the first 3 counseling sessions) and four secondary outcome variables (i.e., autonomous/ controlled treatment motivation, self-efficacy, and working alliance). Twenty-seven adolescents received the engagement intervention and completed assessments and 24 adolescents completed assessments only. Both groups completed follow-up assessments 6 weeks after study enrollment. Associations between the outcome variables and initial treatment attendance were explored. The extent to which demographic variables (i.e., age, gender, race, immigration status, and residence in low income neighbourhoods), psychological distress, and self-reported barriers (i.e., mismatched treatment expectations and external demands) were associated with treatment attendance was also explored.
The primary findings from this pilot study indicated that adolescents who received the engagement intervention had greater initial treatment attendance (M=2.11, SD=1.01) than the assessment only group (M=1.54, SD=1.22), but the difference only approached significance. Moreover, no significant between-group differences in the secondary outcome variables were found. Paired samples t-tests were used to examine changes in autonomous/controlled treatment motivation and self-efficacy within groups between baseline and follow-up. The results of the paired samples t-tests indicated that that the experimental and control groups both demonstrated a significant decrease in controlled motivation at follow-up. In addition, the control group demonstrated a significant decrease in autonomous treatment motivation at follow-up. Post hoc analyses, using correlation and linear regression analyses, explored the associations between initial attendance and the secondary outcome variables, psychological distress, self-reported barriers, and demographic variables. A negative association between age, self-reported barriers and initial attendance was found. A positive association was found between working alliance and initial attendance. While the majority of adolescents who participated in this research lived in low income neighbourhoods and nearly half were second generation immigrants, these demographic variables were not associated with initial treatment attendance.
Although the engagement intervention had a medium effect on initial treatment attendance, this difference was not statistically significant. Future research with a larger sample size and longer follow-up is needed to determine the effectiveness of the engagement intervention.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
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