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T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries >
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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/31954

Title: MSE-based Linear Transceiver Designs for Multiuser MIMO Wireless Communications
Authors: Tenenbaum, Adam
Advisor: Adve, Raviraj
Department: Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords: Multiuser downlink
Broadcast channel
Multiple antenna
MIMO systems
Optimization
Convex optimization
Numerical Optimization
Nonlinear programming
Information rates
Diversity methods
Minimum mean squared error
Least mean squares
Linear precoder design
Uplink / downlink duality
Channel estimation and training
Channel feedback
Issue Date: 11-Jan-2012
Abstract: This dissertation designs linear transceivers for the multiuser downlink in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. The designs rely on an uplink/downlink duality for the mean squared error (MSE) of each individual data stream. We first consider the design of transceivers assuming channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter. We consider minimization of the sum-MSE over all users subject to a sum power constraint on each transmission. Using MSE duality, we solve a computationally simpler convex problem in a virtual uplink. The transformation back to the downlink is simplified by our demonstrating the equality of the optimal power allocations in the uplink and downlink. Our second set of designs maximize the sum throughput for all users. We establish a series of relationships linking MSE to the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratios of individual data streams and the information theoretic channel capacity under linear minimum MSE decoding. We show that minimizing the product of MSE matrix determinants is equivalent to sum-rate maximization, but we demonstrate that this problem does not admit a computationally efficient solution. We simplify the problem by minimizing the product of mean squared errors (PMSE) and propose an iterative algorithm based on alternating optimization with near-optimal performance. The remainder of the thesis considers the more practical case of imperfections in CSI. First, we consider the impact of delay and limited-rate feedback. We propose a system which employs Kalman prediction to mitigate delay; feedback rate is limited by employing adaptive delta modulation. Next, we consider the robust design of the sum-MSE and PMSE minimizing precoders with delay-free but imperfect estimates of the CSI. We extend the MSE duality to the case of imperfect CSI, and consider a new optimization problem which jointly optimizes the energy allocations for training and data stages along with the sum-MSE/PMSE minimizing transceivers. We prove the separability of these two problems when all users have equal estimation error variances, and propose several techniques to address the more challenging case of unequal estimation errors.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/31954
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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