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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/31974

Title: The Role of PtdIns(4,5)P2 during Cytokinesis in Drosophila Spermatocytes
Authors: Wong, Raymond
Advisor: Brill, Julie
Department: Medical Science
Keywords: PIP2
Issue Date: 12-Jan-2012
Abstract: Cytokinesis, the final step of cell division, is characterized by formation of a cleavage furrow that ingresses to separate the cell into two daughter cells. This process requires rearrangement of the cytoskeleton and addition of membrane to the growing furrow. The phospholipid phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2] has been implicated in regulating both actin dynamics and membrane trafficking and, thus, is uniquely poised to coordinate these different processes during cytokinesis. In this study, I show that PtdIns(4,5)P2 is involved in another aspect of cytokinesis: regulation of actomyosin contractility. Perturbing PtdIns(4,5)P2 levels in Drosophila spermatocytes caused constriction to fail and cleavage furrows to regress. Moreover, PtdIns(4,5)P2 hydrolysis is implicated in this process: inhibiting PLC or IP3R or chelating Ca2+ also caused defects in furrow ingression. In addition, I show that PLC and MLCK activities are required for myosin light chain phosphorylation and for proper myosin and actin localization to the cleavage furrow. Thus, I propose a model in which PtdIns(4,5)P2 hydrolysis-dependent Ca2+ release activates MLCK via Ca2+/calmodulin to maintain myosin filaments in the contractile ring and regulate cleavage furrow ingression. Furthermore, I show that PtdIns(4,5)P2 has a role in maintaining contractile ring components in the cleavage furrow that does not depend on PtdIns(4,5)P2 hydrolysis. I conclude that PtdIns(4,5)P2 regulates myosin contractility through a PLC-dependent pathway leading to myosin phosphorylation and is also involved in localizing contractile ring components to the furrow. Thus, PtdIns(4,5)P2 may coordinate signals leading to cytoskeleton rearrangement and actomyosin contractility during cytokinesis.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/31974
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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