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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32149

Title: Language Assessment in Education: Tests, Curricula and Teaching
Authors: Cumming, Alister
Keywords: language assessment
language tests
educational policies
curriculum standards
assessment purposes
Issue Date: Mar-2009
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Citation: Cumming, A. (2009). Language assessment in education: Tests, curricula and teaching. In B. Spolsky (Ed.), Language policy and assessment. Special Issue of Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 29, 90-100. doi:10.1017/S0267190509090084
Abstract: Over the past decade, many concerted policy efforts have aimed to change the status and functions of language assessment in school systems or higher education, redefining relationships among language tests, curriculum policies, and classroom teaching practices. Conventionally, formal language tests describe individual proficiency levels in reference to normative standards for purposes of certifying abilities; screening applicants for higher education, employment, or immigration decisions; or monitoring the results of educational systems. Recently, many curriculum policies have been reconceptualized in reference to attainment or benchmark standards that specify (usually functional, communicative) goals for language education, learners' achievements, and program accountability. These innovations have adopted principles of criterion-referenced rather than norm-referenced assessment, creating new relations (as well as dilemmas) between language assessment and new curriculum policies, highlighting the nature of language assessment practices in programs, classrooms, or other learning contexts, particularly the foundation bases for defining language proficiency, alignment between assessments and curricula, the formative purposes of assessment in pedagogy, and the situations and interests of particular learner populations.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32149
ISSN: 0267-1905 (Print)
1471-6356 (Online)
Appears in Collections:Faculty (CTL)

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