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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32290

Title: Valve Interstitial Cell Activation and Proliferation are Associated with Changes in Beta-catenin
Authors: Xu, Songyi
Advisor: Gotlieb, Avrum I.
Department: Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology
Keywords: heart valve interstitial cell
Issue Date: 26-Mar-2012
Abstract: Heart valve interstitial cells (VICs) undergo activation and proliferation in repair and disease, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. We hypothesize that the establishment of N-cadherin/β-catenin cell-cell contacts may decrease VIC activation, and that Wnt3a/β-catenin signaling may increase VIC proliferation. VIC cultures of different densities are stained for α-SMA, cofilin, TGF-β, pSmad2/3, N-cadherin and β-catenin, and probed for phospho-β-catenin by Western blot. Low density VIC cultures are treated with exogenous Wnt3a and measured for cell number, proliferation, apoptosis, α-SMA, β-catenin, and β-catenin-mediated transcription. β-Catenin siRNA knockdown is used to assess β-catenin specificity. Increased staining of α-SMA, cofilin, TGF-β, pSmad2/3, nuclear β-catenin, and increased phospho-β-catenin are associated with few cell-cell contacts. Wnt3a increased VIC cell number, proliferation, nuclear β-catenin and β-catenin-mediated transcription without affecting activation and apoptosis, and proliferation is abolished by β-catenin siRNA. Thus, N-cadherin/β-catenin cell-cell contacts may inhibit VIC activation and Wnt3a/β-catenin signaling may increase VIC proliferation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32290
Appears in Collections:Master

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