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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32698

Title: Impact of Chemotherapy Dosing Schedule on Ovarian Cancer Tumor Responsiveness
Authors: De Souza, Raquel S. M. G.
Advisor: Piquette-Miller, Micheline
Department: Pharmaceutical Sciences
Keywords: chemotherapy
ovarian cancer
Issue Date: 21-Aug-2012
Abstract: In Canada, ovarian cancer kills about 67% of diagnosed patients, largely due to difficulties in early diagnosis. Current treatment consists of debulking surgery and intermittent chemotherapy every three weeks. This approach leads to insufficient drug concentrations at disease sites, and long treatment-free intervals cause accelerated tumor proliferation and drug resistance, resulting in a 5-year survival rate of only 25-35%. Drug resistance development is the ultimate cause of the majority of patient deaths. Improvements yielding more effective treatment are fundamental for successful management of this disease. This thesis investigated a continuous chemotherapy strategy devoid of treatment-free intervals for ovarian cancer treatment. A biocompatible, biodegradable polymer-lipid injectable formulation PoLigel, was used for continuous DTX delivery. The formulation was well tolerated; no alterations in body weight, behaviour, histology of peritoneal tissues, or interleukin-6 levels were seen in CD-1 mice treated with the PoLigel. Continuous DTX therapy via the PoLigel was considerably more efficacious than intermittent therapy, resulting in significantly less tumor burden and ascites fluid in models of human and murine ovarian cancer. Continuous therapy resulted in less tumor cell proliferation and angiogenesis, and more tumor cell death than intermittent DTX. The presence and length of treatment-free intervals was shown to contribute to the development of drug resistance. Eliminating these intervals by continuous dosing resulted in superior antitumor efficacy in both chemosensitive and chemoresistant xenograft models of human ovarian cancer, and prevented drug resistance increase after a 21-day treatment period. Survival studies revealed that intermittent dosing led to a mild survival prolongation of 36% and 10% in chemosensitive and chemoresistant models, respectively, whereas continuous DTX prolonged survival by a striking 114% and 95%. Although long-term continuous chemotherapy substantially improved survival, increased drug resistance mechanisms were found at the endpoint. Overall, results presented here encourage the clinical implementation of continuous chemotherapy due to greater achievable therapeutic advantages.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32698
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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