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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32744

Title: Functional Tissue Engineering of Myocardium Through Cell Tri-culture
Authors: Iyer, Rohin
Advisor: Radisic, Milica
Department: Biomedical Engineering
Keywords: Tissue Engineering
Cardiac Tissue Engineering
Biomedical Engineering
Vascularization
Tri-culture
Microfabrication
Cell Tracking
VEGF
Connexin-43
Pre-culture
Milica Radisic
Rohin Iyer
Bioreactor
Microbioreactor
Soft Lithography
Cardiomyocyte
Fibroblast
Endothelial
Sequential Pre-culture
Pericyte
Cords
Endothelial Cord
Issue Date: 22-Aug-2012
Abstract: Cardiac tissue engineering promises to create therapeutic tissue replacements for repair of diseased native myocardium. The main goals of this thesis were four-fold: 1) to evaluate cardiac tissues engineered using multiple cell types including endothelial cells (EC), fibroblasts (FB), and cardiomyocytes (CM); 2) to spatiotemporally track cells in organoids and optimize their seeding percentages for improved function; 3) to enhance vascular cord formation through sequential versus simultaneous seeding of ECs and FBs; and 4) to perform mechanistic studies to elucidate the role of soluble factors in cell-cell communication. Microscale templates fabricated from photocrosslinkable poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEG-DA) were used for all studies for rapid screening. When ECs and FBs were precultured for two days prior to seeding enriched CMs, cells self-assembled into three-dimensional, beating organoids, compared to simultaneously tricultured EC/ FB / CM which formed non-contractile clusters. Fluorescent dyes were used to label and track each cell type for up to 4 days, demonstrating an even distribution of cells within precultured organoids versus EC clustering in simultaneous triculture. When ECs were seeded first, followed by FBs 24 hours later and CMs 48 hours later, vascular-like cords formed that persisted with time in a seeding density-dependent manner. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling was quantified, showing higher endogenous VEGF secretion rates in sequential preculture (16.6 ng/mL/hr) compared to undetectable VEGF secretion in simultaneous triculture. Blocking of endogenous VEGF signaling through addition of VEGF antibody / VEGFR2 inhibitor resulted in a significant decrease in mRNA and protein expression of the key cardiac gap junctional marker connexin-43. These findings provide a foundation for future work into the mechanisms governing functional cardiac tissue engineering performance and may aid in the development of novel therapies for heart failure based on growth factor signaling and engineering of vascularized, clinically relevant cardiac tissue patches.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32744
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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