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T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries >
School of Graduate Studies - Theses >
Doctoral >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32820

Title: Development of Frequency and Phase Modulated Thermal-wave Methodologies for Materials Non-destructive Evaluation and Thermophotonic Imaging of Turbid Media
Authors: Tabatabaei, Nima
Advisor: Mandelis, Andreas
Department: Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Keywords: thermal-wave
thermophotonic imaging
matched filtering
thermal coherence tomography
thermal-wave radar
photothermal radiometry
Issue Date: 31-Aug-2012
Abstract: In frequency-domain photothermal radiometry (FD-PTR) a low-power intensity-modulated optical excitation generates thermal-wave field inside the sample and the subsequent infrared radiation from the sample is analyzed to detect material’s inhomogeneities. The non-contact nature of FD-PTR makes it very suitable for non-destructive evaluation of broad range of materials. Moreover, the methodology is based on intrinsic contrast of light absorption which can be used as a diagnostic tool for inspection of malignancy in biological tissues. Nevertheless, the bottom line is that the physics of heat diffusion allows for a highly damped and dispersive propagation of thermal-waves. As a result, the current FD-PTR modalities suffer from limited inspection depth and poor axial/depth resolution. The main objective of this thesis is to show that using alternative types of modulation schemes (such as linear frequency modulation and binary phase coding) and radar matched filter signal processing, one can obtain localized responses from inherently diffuse thermal wave fields. In this thesis, the photothermal responses of turbid, transparent, and opaque media to linear frequency modulated and binary phase coded excitations are analytically derived. Theoretical simulations suggest that matched-filtering in diffusion-wave field acts as constructive interferometry, localizing the energy of the long-duty excitation under a narrow peak and allowing one to construct depth resolved images. The developed technique is the diffusion equivalent of optical coherence tomography and is named thermal coherence tomography. It was found that the narrow-band binary phase coded matched filtering yields optimal depth resolution, while the broad-band linear frequency modulation can be used to quantify material properties through the multi-parameter fitting of the experimental data to the developed theory. Thermophotonic detection of early dental caries is discussed in detail as a potential diagnostic application of the proposed methodologies. The performance of the diagnostic system is verified through a controlled demineralization protocol as well as in teeth with natural caries.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32820
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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