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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32918

Title: The Effects of Maternal Folic Acid Supplementation Provided in Utero and during Lactation on Genomic DNA Methylation and Global Gene Expression in the Offspring
Authors: Crowell, Julie Anne
Advisor: Kim, Young-In
Department: Medical Science
Keywords: folic acid
maternal
Issue Date: 4-Sep-2012
Abstract: The effects of high maternal folate status on the offspring are unknown; however, early life exposure to environmental stimuli, including dietary factors, is thought to influence the risk of developing chronic disease. An animal study was performed to determine the effect of maternal folic acid supplementation during pregnancy and lactation on DNA methylation and global gene expression patterns in the offspring. Supplementation of the maternal diet with folic acid (5, 8, and 25 mg/kg diet) induced global DNA hypomethylation in the liver of juvenile and adult offspring, and altered the expression of the imprinted H19 gene and genes involved in lipid metabolism, coagulation, and iron transport and homeostasis. Our data suggest that intrauterine and early postnatal periods are susceptible to changes in DNA methylation and gene expression in response to high levels of folic acid, which may be associated with health status and disease later in life.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32918
Appears in Collections:Master

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