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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32935

Title: Application of an Endothelialized Modular Construct for Islet Transplantation
Authors: Gupta, Rohini
Advisor: Sefton, Michael
Department: Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry
Keywords: Vascularization
Tissue Engineering
Islet Transplantation
Endothelial Cells
Issue Date: 5-Sep-2012
Abstract: Successful survival of large volume engineered tissues depends on the development of a vasculature to support the metabolic demands of donor tissue in vivo. Pancreatic islet transplantation is a cell therapy procedure to treat Type 1 diabetes that can potentially benefit from such a vascularization strategy. The treatment is limited as the majority of transplanted islets (60%) fail to engraft due to insufficient revascularization in the host(1, 2). Modular tissue engineering is a means of designing large volume functional tissues using micron sized tissues with an intrinsic vascularization. In this thesis, we explored the potential of endothelialized modules to drive vascularization in vivo and promote islet engraftment. Human endothelial cells (EC) covered modules were transplanted in the omental pouch of athymic rats and human EC formed vessels near implanted modules until 7 days when host macrophages were depleted. Rat endothelial cells covered modules were similarly transplanted in the omental pouch of allogeneic rats with and without immunosuppressants. When the drugs were administered, endothelialized modules significantly increased the vessel density. Moreover, donor GFP labelled EC formed vessels that integrated with the host vasculature and were perfusable until 60 days; this key result demonstrate for the first time that unmodified primary endothelial cells form stable vessels in an allograft model. Transplantation of islets in such endothelialized modules significantly improved the vessel density around transplanted islets. Donor endothelial cells formed vessels near transplanted islets in allogeneic immunesuppressed recipients. Meanwhile, there was an increase in islet viability with transplantation of endothelialized modules in syngeneic recipients but this difference was not significant. In summary, endothelialized modules were effective in promoting stable vascularization and improving transplanted islet vascularisation. Future work should promote faster maturity of donor vessels and modulate the host immune and inflammatory responses to significantly improve transplanted islet engraftment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/32935
Appears in Collections:Doctoral

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