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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33131

Title: Will a category cue attract you? Motor output reveals dynamic competition across person construal
Authors: Freeman, Jonathan B.
Ambady, Nalini
Rule, Nicholas O.
Johnson, Kerri L.
Keywords: social perception
social cognition
dynamical systems
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation: Freeman, J. B., Ambady, N., Rule, N. O., & Johnson, K. L. (2008). Will a category cue attract you? Motor output reveals dynamic competition across person construal. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 137, 673-690.
Abstract: People use social categories to perceive others, extracting category cues to glean membership. Growing evidence for continuous dynamics in real-time cognition suggests, contrary to prevailing social psychological accounts, that person construal may involve dynamic competition between simultaneously active represen- tations. To test this, the authors examined social categorization in real-time by streaming the x , y coordinates of hand movements as participants categorized typical and atypical faces by sex. Though judgments of atypical targets were largely accurate, online motor output exhibited a continuous spatial attraction toward the opposite sex category, indicating dynamic competition between multiple social category alternatives. The authors offer a dynamic continuity account of social categorization and provide converging evidence across categorizations of real male and female faces (containing a typical or an atypical sex-specifying cue) and categorizations of computer-generated male and female faces (with subtly morphed sex-typical or sex-atypical features). In 3 studies, online motor output revealed continuous dynamics underlying person construal, in which multiple simultaneously and partially active category representations gradually cascade into social categorical judgments. Such evidence is challenging for discrete stage-based accounts.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33131
ISBN: DOI: 10.1037/a0013875
Appears in Collections:UofT Faculty publications

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