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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33148

Title: Cross-cultural reading the mind in the eyes: An fMRI investigation
Authors: Adams, Reginald B. Jr.
Rule, Nicholas O.
Franklin, Robert G. Jr.
Wang, Elsie J.
Stevenson, Michael T.
Yoshikawa, Sakiko
Nomura, Mitsue
Wataru, Sato
Kveraga, Kestutis
Ambady, Nalini
Keywords: social neuroscience
fMRI
theory of mind
face perception
emotion
culture
superior temporal sulcus
Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: Adams, R. B., Jr., Rule, N. O., Franklin, R. G., Jr., Wang, E. J., Stevenson, M. T. Yoshikawa, S., Nomura, M., Soto, W., Kveraga, K., & Ambady, N. (2010). Cross-cultural reading the mind in the eyes: An fMRI investigation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22, 97-108.
Abstract: The ability to infer others’ thoughts, intentions, and feel- ings is regarded as uniquely human. Over the last few decades, this remarkable ability has captivated the attention of philoso- phers, primatologists, clinical and developmental psychologists, anthropologists, social psychologists, and cognitive neuroscien- tists. Most would agree that the capacity to reason about others’ mental states is innately prepared, essential for successful hu- man social interaction. Whether this ability is culturally tuned, however, remains entirely uncharted on both the behavioral and neural levels. Here we provide the first behavioral and neural evidence for an intracultural advantage (better performance for same- vs. other-culture) in mental state decoding in a sample of native Japanese and white American participants. We examined the neural correlates of this intracultural advantage using fMRI, revealing greater bilateral posterior superior temporal sulci re- cruitment during same- versus other-culture mental state de- coding in both cultural groups. These findings offer preliminary support for cultural consistency in the neurological architecture subserving high-level mental state reasoning, as well as its dif- ferential recruitment based on cultural group membership.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33148
Appears in Collections:UofT Faculty publications

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