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|Title: ||Cross-cultural reading the mind in the eyes: An fMRI investigation|
|Authors: ||Adams, Reginald B. Jr.|
Rule, Nicholas O.
Franklin, Robert G. Jr.
Wang, Elsie J.
Stevenson, Michael T.
|Keywords: ||social neuroscience|
theory of mind
superior temporal sulcus
Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Publisher: ||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|Citation: ||Adams, R. B., Jr., Rule, N. O., Franklin, R. G., Jr., Wang, E. J., Stevenson, M. T. Yoshikawa, S., Nomura, M., Soto, W., Kveraga, K., & Ambady, N. (2010). Cross-cultural reading the mind in the eyes: An fMRI investigation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22, 97-108.|
|Abstract: ||The ability to infer others’ thoughts, intentions, and feel-
ings is regarded as uniquely human. Over the last few decades,
this remarkable ability has captivated the attention of philoso-
phers, primatologists, clinical and developmental psychologists,
anthropologists, social psychologists, and cognitive neuroscien-
tists. Most would agree that the capacity to reason about others’
mental states is innately prepared, essential for successful hu-
man social interaction. Whether this ability is culturally tuned,
however, remains entirely uncharted on both the behavioral and
neural levels. Here we provide the first behavioral and neural evidence for an intracultural advantage (better performance for
same- vs. other-culture) in mental state decoding in a sample of
native Japanese and white American participants. We examined
the neural correlates of this intracultural advantage using fMRI,
revealing greater bilateral posterior superior temporal sulci re-
cruitment during same- versus other-culture mental state de-
coding in both cultural groups. These findings offer preliminary
support for cultural consistency in the neurological architecture
subserving high-level mental state reasoning, as well as its dif-
ferential recruitment based on cultural group membership.|
|Appears in Collections:||UofT Faculty publications|
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