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|Title: ||Culture, gaze, and the neural processing of fear expressions|
|Authors: ||Adams, Reginald B. Jr.|
Franklin, Robert G. Jr.
Rule, Nicholas O.
Freeman, Jonathan B.
|Keywords: ||eye gaze|
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Publisher: ||Oxford University Press|
|Citation: ||Adams, R. B., Jr., Franklin, R. G., Jr., Rule, N. O., Freeman, J. B., Kveraga, K., Hadjikhani, N., Yoshikawa, S. & Ambady, N. (2010). Culture, gaze, and the neural processing of fear expressions. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 5, 340-348.|
|Abstract: ||The direction of others’ eye gaze has important influences on how we perceive their emotional expressions. Here, we examined
differences in neural activation to direct- versus averted-gaze fear faces as a function of culture of the participant (Japanese
versus US Caucasian), culture of the stimulus face (Japanese versus US Caucasian), and the relation between the two. We
employed a previously validated paradigm to examine differences in neural activation in response to rapidly presented direct-
versus averted-fear expressions, finding clear evidence for a culturally determined role of gaze in the processing of fear. Greater
neural responsivity was apparent to averted- versus direct-gaze fear in several regions related to face and emotion processing,
including bilateral amygdalae, when posed on same-culture faces, whereas greater response to direct- versus averted-gaze fear
was apparent in these same regions when posed on other-culture faces. We also found preliminary evidence for intercultural
variation including differential responses across participants to Japanese versus US Caucasian stimuli, and to a lesser degree
differences in how Japanese and US Caucasian participants responded to these stimuli. These findings reveal a meaningful role of
culture in the processing of eye gaze and emotion, and highlight their interactive influences in neural processing.|
|Appears in Collections:||UofT Faculty publications|
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